DENTISTRY

THE AESTHETIC RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY

Cavities usually starts in fissures on the surface of the incising dental crowns and enamel surface below contact of the adjacent teeth. In the early stage caries is easily reconstructed with restorative procedures involving cleaning carious content, adhesion process and restoration. The resulting defects are recoverable with restorative materials that possess superior aesthetic properties with a maximum possibility of playing characteristics of natural teeth in terms of anatomy and tooth color. In addition to the aesthetic and physical-chemical properties these materials are also biocompatible. If the caries is not treated on time, quickly progressing into the depths and threatens the dental pulp. All these factors can lead to irreversible damage and death of the pulp (nerve). To preserve a tooth in such cases it is necessary to carry out endodontic treatment. It is a microsurgical procedure that removes the damaged pulp tissue and treated endodontic space is fulfilled with appropriate remedy for filling root canals. High quality endodontic procedure is the most important requirement for a successful post-endodontic reconstruction of a tooth.

TEETH WHITENING

A smile is one of the first things people notice, and beautiful white teeth greatly contribute to it. Indications for teeth whitening are numerous: naturally dark teeth, aging, lifestyle and daily habits (coffee, tea, cigarettes, and colored drinks) and some genetic defects may be the reason for whitening teeth. Today there are several methods that can be recommended because they are very effective and safe. We prefer professional tooth whitening because they are: - harmless for your teeth - efficient, brighter teeth up to eight shades - is carried out in one visit -little or no sensitivity - the effects are long-lasting. Professional whitening system ˝ Zoom! ˝, in just one visit, returns the white teeth, and smile to patients.

ORAL SURGERY

The most common oral surgical procedures are common and complicated tooth extraction, impacted (non-grown) and impacted wisdom teeth, resection (apicoectomy) of roots and extraction of roots and broken teeth. Oral surgery includes surgery, gum reconstruction aesthetic and functional disorders of the oral cavity. In recent years, oral surgery includes more dental implants, which are considered the pinnacle of dentistry. Wisdom teeth. Patients often are not even aware of the wisdom teeth in their mouths because they do not bother and do not hurt. During the eruption, wisdom teeth can cause Pericoronitis or inflammation of the gums. Sometimes it's enough just to clean but in case of complications surgical tooth extraction is necessary. Resection (apicoectomy) of the root. In case of treatment failure of tooth roots (endodontics) the rehabilitation of chronic granuloma it is recommended resection of or removal of the tip of the tooth root. After removal of the top of the tooth root, the canal is filled and thus closes completely. Filling is usually carried out through the crown of the tooth, and in some cases, and over the top of the shorter root. Cysts are abnormal cavities that are lined with tissue and filled with fluid. They can be developed in the jaw and soft tissue (lip, cheek ...). In the jaws are two types of cysts commonly occur, these are radicular cysts (dental cysts on top of the root) and follicular cysts. Dental cysts in most cases begin to grow without symptoms until they reach the appropriate size, or when they fall into a state of acute infection. As they grow, cysts gradually absorb surrounding bone and can weaken the jaw, damage to adjacent healthy teeth to penetrate the adjacent anatomical structures (sinus, nose) and make serious complications. Surgically we remove the entire cyst or just part of it. Augmentation. To get high-quality and long-term compensation, whether implant or conventional prosthetic implant, bone quality must be adequately compensate for. Upgrade bone (bone graft) is the process of re-creating the lost bone using a mixture of their own and artificial bones, and aims to complete the restoration of bone. Sinus Lift Sinus lift is a surgical intervention that raises the sinus cavity in order to obtain a sufficient amount of bone for implant placement. This procedure is done in situations where there is no possibility of implant placement in the classical way. Requires working under sterile conditions, and it is one of the more complex interventions in dentistry.

DENTAL IMPLANTS

Implantology is the youngest but on the other side one of the most progressing branches of dentistry. Implants are artificial compensation made of titanium, which replace the missing tooth root and is based on osseointegration of titanium with bone. The very process of implant treatment is painless and short. After the intervention, the patient can continue with its daily routine without any problems. Dental implants have become increasingly common method of choice to replace lost teeth because they act as natural teeth. Modern dentistry with the help of implants offers a solution to compensate for a tooth and the entire dental arch, avoiding grinding neighboring often intact teeth and thus the chance to get a fixed prosthesis that will provide feeling closest to your natural teeth. It is very well known what hassle is making a carrying full and partial dentures. Incorporating mini titanium implants enable the stabilization and retention of your dentures and so enable you to forget about the fallout and torment with dentures.

ORTHODONTICS

Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of irregularities of the teeth, jaw and face in children and adults. The advantage of orthodontic treatment is not only to preserve the health of your teeth and retrieve their important functions, but also the creation of aesthetic harmony of the face of greater self-confidence and improving private and professional life. Orthodontic appliances can be fixed or removable. Removable appliances can be removed by patient, and fixed appliances, called "full braces" permanently remain on your teeth until the end of orthodontic treatment. Braces with fixed orthodontic appliances can be made from transparent materials (aesthetic fixed appliance) and thus significantly reduce the visibility of orthodontic appliances. It is important to emphasize that orthodontic treatment can be carried out for all age groups from early childhood to adulthood.

PROSTETICS

When it comes to prosthetics, it is necessary first of all to point out that it can be fixed or removable. Fixed and removable prosthodontics dealing with compensation for lost teeth and soft tissues of the mouth parts through dentures, crowns, bridges, etc. Fixed prosthetics denotes those elements that are permanently implanted in the jaw, and that cannot be removed. Removable prosthetic is done in cases where fixed prosthetics is not possible, and refers to the elements that are not placed in jaw, but can be removed if necessary. Fixed prosthetics metal-ceramic crowns and bridges, as well as nonmetal ceramics, enabling compensation of one or more missing teeth and completely seamlessly fitting of such compensation in the dental arch. Nonmetal ceramics, thanks to its superior aesthetic and optical characteristics leads in the field of cosmetic dentistry and fixed prosthodontics. With it can be eliminated dark edge due to the presence of old metal ceramic crowns. Removable prosthetic in cases where it is not possible to create a fixed prosthesis, prosthetic rehabilitation can be made with prostheses: total, partial prosthesis plate, skeletal (Visil - Vironit) prosthesis which can in certain cases (with attachments) to avoid visible hooks and thereby obtain superior aesthetic results.

PEDIATRIC AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY

Pediatric Dentistry (Pedodontics) is the branch of dentistry dealing with growth and development of the oral cavity and jaws in children, and the prevention and rehabilitation of caries. Prevention is something on which we place the greatest emphasis in children's dentistry, because at this age it is important to develop hygienic habits. The most important are regular dental visits, which should be enjoyable and fun for the child. Check-ups of children are carried out immediately after the growth of primary teeth, and this approach may be the time to notice possible changes and advise parents about the importance of preventive measures in maintaining oral health which includes: • proper brushing of teeth and a selection of brushes and toothpaste • Proper nutrition and elimination of bad habits • the importance of preserving healthy primary teeth • education on circular caries phenomenon sucking the bottle • Professional fluoridation • early recognition of malocclusion, • fissure seal and protection Preventive dental procedures such as tooth fluoride varnish coating and fissure seal in permanent teeth, are completely painless. Regular visits to the dentist should ensure that children with healthy teeth welcome the phase of adolescence.

PERIODONTOLOGY

Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with treating periodontal disease or supporting apparatus of the tooth. Factors that influence the occurrence of periodontal disease: - poor oral hygiene - brushing incorrectly - protruding filling and inadequate contact between the teeth - inadequate rehabilitation of vacant space after tooth extraction - soft and hard deposits on teeth tartar - irregular occlusal relation - bad habits alcohol, smoking, biting hard objects, pipe smoking, etc - genetic factors Preventive procedures and regular check-ups are aimed at preventing the occurrence of periodontal disease in our nation known as periodontitis, and after successful completion of periodontal therapy, these actions serve to the maintenance of oral health.

LASER IN DENTISTRY

Lasers and laser technologies are now used in numerous medical and dental indications. The effect of laser on soft tissue provides less invasive, surgery without blood, a minimum of postoperative complications and intervention without pain. Hard tissue lasers enable efficient diagnosis of caries and increase resistance of enamel to caries, provide efficient enamel conditioning, high-quality cavity preparation and polymerization of the material. Laser effectively sterilize cleaned and treated root canals and thus for 70% achieved a better result in root canal treatment in relation to the classical mechanical and chemical treatment. In daily practice, it is very convenient for carrying out teeth whitening procedures. With laser whitening, intervention time is much shorter, about 20 minutes. Sensitivity teeth, which normally occurs after teeth whitening with the lamp is considerably shortened or completely absent. Whitening effects are better. The gels used in these types of whitening are based on carbamide peroxide approved by the ADA American Dental Association and FDI world dental associations as well as with other methods (only the higher concentration of the gel), but the intensity of the laser is considerably stronger than lamp whitening. Thus the penetration of oxygen, which is released from activated gel is three times better and penetrates deeper into the structure of the tooth and mechanically removes pigments from the tooth structure. The laser is shown to have a great effect closing hypersensitive dentin surfaces. Patients suffering from dentinal hypersensitivity having a plurality of open tubules and their diameter is larger. Compared with conventional fluoridation, a combined laser radiation and fluoridation appear to be effective in treating teeth hypersensitivity. Diode lasers is specifically used for soft tissue in periodontal disease (gum treatment). Lasers have been shown in many studies to be effective as antibacterial instruments. Toxins emitted by the bacteria are destroyed by laser energy. Laser-assisted scaling and root cleaning reduce pockets and establish health of the oral cavity. Lasers can be used for cleaning and sterilizing any surgical-site.

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